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India-Belarus Bilateral Relations 

India’s relations with Belarus have been traditionally warm and cordial. India was one of the first countries to recognize Belarus as independent country in 1991. Formal diplomatic relations were established and the Indian diplomatic mission was opened in Minsk in1992 followed by Belarus in 1998 in New Delhi. Belarus opened its Honorary Consulate in Kolkata opened in December 2002.

Bilateral relations between India and Belarus are marked by broad understanding on issues of mutual interest. The two countries enjoy a comprehensive partnership and have established mechanisms for exchanging views on bilateral, regional and multilateral issues through Foreign Office Consultations, Intergovernmental Commission (IGC), and Joint Commission on Military Technical Cooperation. The last FOC (5th Session) was held in Nov 2016 in Minsk. The 7th IGC meeting was held in Minsk in Sept 2015. The two countries have signed a number of Agreements/MoUs on various subjects, namely, trade and economic cooperation, culture, education, media and sports, S&T, foreign office consultations, IGC, Avoidance of Double Taxation, Promotion and Protection of Investments, and also Defence and Technical cooperation.

Hon'ble President's State Visit in June 2015 to Minsk, the first presidential visit from India to Belarus, has further enhanced the existing bilateral relations.  During the visit, 6 official MoUs for cooperation in areas such as broadcasting, standardization, textiles, and financial securities were signed and a Roadmap for future cooperation was exchanged.

The two countries enjoy good understanding and cooperation in the international, multilateral and regional matters with a commonality of views on almost all international and regional issues. Belarus has been supportive of India’s candidature for a permanent seat at the UNSC. Belarus supported India’s candidature for the non-permanent seat of UNSC for the years 2011-12. Belarus also supported India at the NSG meeting in Seoul in April 2016. Belarus appreciated India’s support for its membership in the NAM and also other international and multilateral fora like IPU.  Belarus is appreciative of India’s supportive stand on various Resolutions in Geneva and New York targeting Belarus for violation of human rights and restrictions on freedom of expression. Belarus recognizes India as an emerging global power and seeks to develop a “strategic relationship” with India.

Bilateral trade between the two countries remains modest.  Two-way bilateral trade in 2016 amounted to US$ 402 million. The trade balance remains in favour of Belarus primarily on account of imports of Potash.  Indian PSU, BHEL, was awarded a contract worth US$ 55.5 million for the credit line for the project.  The project completed in 2013 and is running well. In 2011, BelAZ signed an MoU with an Indian company Enrika for establishing a joint venture for servicing the Belarusian dumper trucks in India. Belarus participated in the India International Trade Fair in November 2012 as ‘Partner Country’ and again in 2016 as focus country.  Belarusian Trade Minister visited Mumbai in February 2016 to participate in the ‘Make in India’ conference. The 10th Session of India-Belarus Joint Business Council was held in New Delhi in Nov 2016.

Defence cooperation is an important aspect of India's bilateral relations with Belarus.  There is an India-Belarus Joint Commission on Military Technical Cooperation which last met (9th Meeting) in Minsk in May 2017.

A Digital Learning Centre in ICT at High Technology Park in Minsk set up with India's Rs. 5 Crore credit line began operating in February 2011 and was formally inaugurated in January 2012.  Belarus played an important role in the setting up of the Advance Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials in Hyderabad in 1991. 

The Indian Community in Belarus consists of 85 Indian nationals and around 350 Indian students pursuing studies in medicine in State medical universities in Belarus.  Indian art and culture, dance, yoga, films etc remain popular among Belarusian  nationals. 

Ambassador of India in Belarus: H.E. Mr. Pankaj Saxena

Ambassador of Belarus in India: H.E. Mr. Vitaly Prima 


May 2017


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